Scope and arrangement
The Maryland Archives, 1862-1865, document the operations of Sanitary Commission stations in Annapolis and Baltimore, and to a lesser extent in Frederick and Sharpsburg.
Annapolis records consist of letters, reports, and telegrams sent and received by superintendents J. Addison Whitaker and C. F. Howes from army personnel and surgeons, USSC officers and relief agents, soldiers, and civilians regarding departmental procedures and activities such as inquiries about the condition and whereabouts of individual soldiers, requests for assistance with soldiers’ claim applications, requests for lodging, reports on the activities at the Annapolis Home and Camp Parole and the distribution of supplies. Their office files include lists of paroled prisoners assisted, files of applications for payments due soldiers, and cash accounts. Records for the Home for wives, mothers, and children of soldiers consist of an admissions register, a journal of its daily operations, and an account of expenses. Supply records document the Annapolis office’s efforts in acquiring supplementary supplies to distribute to area hospitals and Camp Parole, including invoices requisitions, receipts, and registers of supplies issued and received.
Baltimore records contains correspondence of Joseph T. Pancoast and others with USSC personnel and relief agents, army surgeons and chaplains, soldiers, and soldiers' relatives concerning the transportation and distribution of supplies, financial matters, inquiries from individual soldiers and their families, and departmental activities and procedures.
Records of the special relief operations of the Baltimore office include lists of sick and wounded received in Baltimore, an admissions register of the Home, and receipt books for cash paid to soldiers for assistance with transportation fares, food, supplies, and other needs. Supply records include inventories of supplies received and distributed, bills of lading, receipts, and invoices, documenting their efforts to supply USSC locations, army hospitals and regiments, relief associations, individual soldiers and others. Also present are the financial records of both the Baltimore office and the Home.
In addition to lists of supplies received and issued, records from Frederick, Maryland storehouse include a journal kept by agent Frederick J. Williams recording its daily operations. Although Lewis H. Steiner worked as an USSC inspector in Frederick in 1862 and conducted much of his work with the USSC from there, records documenting his activities are not present here. See the USSC. Army of the Potomac Archives (MssCol 18782), the USSC Washington, D.C. Archives (MssCol 22261), and the Lewis H. Steiner papers (MssCol 2870).
Sharpsburg records consist of the supplies received and issued at their storehouse for the care of wounded soldiers after the battle of Antietam.
Many of the documents from Annapolis and Baltimore were numbered and inventoried by the USSC’s Archive Department. Brief descriptions of each of the numbered documents can be found in volume 18 of the USSC New York, N.Y. Archives (MssCol 22263).
Additional financial records of USSC operations in Maryland can be found in the USSC Accounts and Vouchers Archives (MssCol 18820).
The United States Sanitary Commission records. Maryland archives are arranged in four series:
- 1862 Oct 20-Nov 5
Supplies received and issued