Scope and arrangement
This is a synthetic collection consisting of manuscripts and typescripts, correspondence, his Italian diary kept in 1859, journals for 1842 through 1855, a notebook for 1858, a commonplace book, and financial and legal documents. The manuscripts include holograph essays, short stories, notes toward works, portions of novels, and other miscellaneous manuscript materials. Also included are certificates relating to the cargo of various ships and other legal and financial documents, as well as manuscripts and typescripts relating to the author including portions of Julian Hawthorne's biography of the author. The correspondence includes letters written by Hawthorne, dating from 1818 to 1863, to Horatio Bridge, President-elect James Buchanan, Thomas De Quincey, James T. Fields, Sophia Peabody Hawthorne, Grace Greenwood, James Russell Lowell, Horace Mann, Robert Manning, L. W. Mansfield, George Sanders, Henry David Thoreau, William D. Ticknor, and others. There are also letters relating to the author, dating from 1817 to 1902, exchanged between various correspondents including Sophia Hawthorne, Maria Louisa Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Julian Hawthorne, and others. There are letters to Nathaniel Hawthorne from Francis Bennoch, Henry Bright, William Ellery Channing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, James Thomas Fields, Richard Monckton Milnes Houghton, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, Herman Melville, Mary Russell Mitford, Bryan Waller Procter, as well as from members of the Hawthorne family including Elizabeth Manning, Maria Louisa, Sophia Peabody, Una, and Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, dating from 1813 to 1864.
The Nathaniel Hawthorne collection of papers is arranged in four series: