- Wolcott, Oliver, 1760-1833
- Call number
- MssCol 4221
- Physical description
- .1 linear feet (1 volume)
- Preferred Citation
Oliver Wolcott letterbook, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library
- Manuscripts and Archives Division
- Access to materials
- Advance notice required. Request access to this collection.
- The entirety of this collection has been digitized and is available online.
Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833), was United States Secretary of the Treasury, 1795-1800; United States Circuit Court judge for the Second Circuit, 1801-1802; and governor of Connecticut, 1817-1827. Wolcott also served as the state comptroller of Connecticut before joining the United States Treasury Department in 1789, and presided over the Connecticut constitutional convention in 1818. He was deeply involved in mercantile and banking affairs in New York City during his hiatus from public service. In 1803 Wolcott established the firm of Oliver Wolcott & Co., commission merchants, in partnership with James Watson, Moses Rogers, Archibald Gracie, and William W. Woolsey, in New York City. The firm dissolved in 1805, and Wolcott continued as an independent merchant, primarily in the China trade. Prior to his return to Connecticut in 1815, Oliver Wolcott was a director of the Bank of the United States, 1810-1811, and the first president of the Bank of America, 1812-1814. He was also the first president of the Merchants' Bank, 1803-1804. The letterbook of Oliver Wolcott & Co., 1803-1805, and of Oliver Wolcott, 1805-1808, contains copies of outgoing letters, some in the hand of Oliver Wolcott, documenting mercantile, real property, and other domestic and foreign commercial transactions. Letters concern the trade in fur and tea with Canton, China; importation of coffee and sugar from Batavia, Java; importation of pepper, salt petre and other commodities from Calcutta, India; exportation of tobacco to Holland and France; trade with Portugal and Barbados; prices and methods of doing business; voyages of the ships Triton and Trident; and the impact of the Napoleonic wars and the Embargo Act on American shipping and commerce. Recipients include, among others, Theodore Dwight, William P. Cleveland, Asa and Daniel Hopkins, David Humphreys, Baring Brothers & Co., and Canton hong merchants Cheonqua and Houqua.
Digitization was made possible by a lead gift from The Polonsky Foundation.
Source of acquisition
Purchased from Healy, 1929
Compiled by Susan P. Waide, 2015
- Commission merchants -- New York (State) -- New York
- Embargo, 1807-1809
- Fur trade
- Shipping -- United States
- Tea trade
Using the collection
LocationManuscripts and Archives Division
Stephen A. Schwarzman Building
Fifth Avenue at 42nd Street, New York, NY 10018-2788
Brooke Russell Astor Reading Room, Third Floor, Room 328
Access to materialsAdvance notice required. Request access to this collection.
Alternative form available
Available on microfilm *ZL-481